Proverbs 1:8-19 - Your Mother's Teaching


We continue studying the teaching in Proverbs.

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Class Date:
February 14, 2016 //
70 min (16 MB) //

Scripture References


Proverbs 1:8-19 - Your Mother's Teaching


Near the middle of this lesson, a point is made about John 1:12 which I'll roughly paraphrase as "all modern translations change 'sons of God' to 'children' and we lose the meaning." But if we look at the Greek, that's not the case at all. KJV had it wrong, and it should be translated as children based on the original language. Rather than try to put this all into my own words, I'll paste a couple notes from NICNT below in case it helps explain (I found this after noticing the Greek->English translation point was incorrect).

"'Children.' John refers to them as "children" rather than as "sons" of God. The term he uses is one that draws attention to community of nature (cf. 2 Pet. 1:4, "so that … you may participate in the divine nature") rather than one that would stress the rights and privileges of sonship. The term John uses is τέκνα ["children"]. He never uses υἱός ["son"] of human sonship to God, but keeps this term for Christ, who alone has the full right to what the word signifies. This is a distinctive Johannine usage. The nearest John gets to using "son" for people is when he refers to them as becoming υἱοὶ φωτός (12:36). By contrast, Paul speaks of people as both υἱοί and τέκνα. He uses the former term to refer to the rights Christ confers on those adopted into the heavenly family rather than the community of nature they share. While the New Testament portrays God as the Father of all, paradoxically it does not speak of all as sons of God. God’s attitude to all people is that of a Father. All are his sons in the sense that he made them and that he provides for them. But people are his sons in the full sense only as they respond to what he does for them in Christ. When they receive the Word they are born again (ch. 3) into the heavenly family. It is only in this way that they are really God’s "children."
Morris, L. (1995). The Gospel according to John (p. 87), New International Commentary on the New Testament (NICNT). Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.

The conclusion is similar to that in the lesson... that John is pointing to a distinct group of people (heirs of the covenant), but the conclusion of the lesson wasn't approached by a path found in Scripture.